Faculty of Biological Sciences

Prof Martin Richards

BSc Special Honours First Class in Genetics, Sheffield, PhD, UMIST
Visiting Professor of Archaeogenetics
School of Biology

Background: GRA, UMIST: Yeast genome sequencing project (1988-1989) PDRA, University of Oxford: Ancient DNA (1990-94) PDRA, University of Oxford: Modern human mtDNA variation (1994-1996) Wellcome Trust Bioarchaeology fellow: PDRA, University of Oxford: mtDNA variation in Europe, Africa and the Pacific (1996-1999) Research fellow, UCL: Human mtDNA and Y-chromosome variation (1999-2000) Senior Lecturer in Biological Science, University of Huddersfield (2000-2004)

Contact:  Off Campus | email address for Prof Martin Richards 

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Modules taught

BLGY2275 - Human Populations

Soares P; Rito T; Trejaut J; Mormina M; Hill C; Tinkler-Hundal E; Braid M; Clarke DJ; Loo JH; Thomson N; Denham T; Donohue M; Macaulay V; Lin M; Oppenheimer S; Richards MB Ancient Voyaging and Polynesian Origins AM J HUM GENET 88 239-247, 2011
DOI:10.1016/j.ajhg.2011.01.009

Soares P; Achilli A; Semino O; Davies W; Macaulays V; Bandelt HJ; Torroni A; Richards MB The Archaeogenetics of Europe CURR BIOL 20 R174-R183, 2010
DOI:10.1016/j.cub.2009.11.054

Soares P; Ermini L; Thomson N; Mormina M; Rito T; Rohl A; Salas A; Oppenheimer S; Macaulay V; Richards MB Correcting for Purifying Selection: An Improved Human Mitochondrial Molecular Clock AM J HUM GENET 84 740-759, 2009
DOI:10.1016/j.ajhg.2009.05.001

Soares P; Trejaut JA; Loo JH; Hill C; Mormina M; Lee CL; Chen YM; Hudjashov G; Forster P; Macaulay V; Bulbeck D; Oppenheimer S; Lin M; Richards MB Climate change and postglacial human dispersals in Southeast Asia MOL BIOL EVOL 25 1209-1218, 2008
DOI:10.1093/molbev/msn068

Chaubey G; Metspalu M; Choi Y; Magi R; Romero IG; Soares P; van Oven M; Behar DM; Rootsi S; Hudjashov G; Mallick CB; Karmin M; Nelis M; Parik J; Reddy AG; Metspalu E; van Driem G; Xue Y; Tyler-Smith C; Thangaraj K; Singh L; Remm M; Richards MB; Lahr MM; Kayser M; Villems R; Kivisild T Population Genetic Structure in Indian Austroasiatic Speakers: The Role of Landscape Barriers and Sex-Specific Admixture MOL BIOL EVOL 28 1013-1024, 2011
DOI:10.1093/molbev/msq288

Jones EP; Johannesdottir F; Gunduz I; Richards MB; Searle JB The expansion of the house mouse into north-western Europe J ZOOL 283 257-268, 2011
DOI:10.1111/j.1469-7998.2010.00767.x

Destro-Bisol G; Jobling MA; Rocha J; Novembre J; Richards MB; Mulligan C; Batini C; Manni F Molecular Anthropology in the Genomic Era J ANTHROPOL SCI 88 93-112, 2010

Edwards CJ; Magee DA; Park SDE; McGettigan PA; Lohan AJ; Murphy A; Finlay EK; Shapiro B; Chamberlain AT; Richards MB; Bradley DG; Loftus BJ; MacHugh DE A Complete Mitochondrial Genome Sequence from a Mesolithic Wild Aurochs (Bos primigenius) PLOS ONE 5 -, 2010
DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0009255

Pereira L; Silva NM; Franco-Duarte R; Fernandes V; Pereira JB; Costa MD; Martins H; Soares P; Behar DM; Richards MB; Macaulay V Population expansion in the North African Late Pleistocene signalled by mitochondrial DNA haplogroup U6 BMC EVOL BIOL 10 -, 2010
DOI:10.1186/1471-2148-10-390

Dhandapany PS; Sadayappan S; Xue YL; Powell GT; Rani DS; Nallari P; Rai TS; Khullar M; Soares P; Bahl A; Tharkan JM; Vaideeswar P; Rathinavel A; Narasimhan C; Ayapati DR; Ayub Q; Mehdi SQ; Oppenheimer S; Richards MB; Price AL; Patterson N; Reich D; Singh L; Tyler-Smith C; Thangaraj K A common MYBPC3 (cardiac myosin binding protein C) variant associated with cardiomyopathies in South Asia NAT GENET 41 187-191, 2009
DOI:10.1038/ng.309

Richards MB; Salas A; Lovo-Gómez, J; Alvarez-Iglesias V; Cerezo M; Lareu MV; Macaulay V; Richards MB; Carracedo A Mitochondrial echoes of first settlement and genetic continuity in El Salvador. PLoS One 4 e6882-, 2009
View abstract

Pereira F; Soares P; Carneiro J; Pereira L; Richards MB; Samuels DC; Amorim A Evidence for Variable Selective Pressures at a Large Secondary Structure of the Human Mitochondrial DNA Control Region MOL BIOL EVOL 25 2759-2770, 2008
DOI:10.1093/molbev/msn225

Achilli A; Olivieri A; Pellecchia M; Uboldi C; Colli L; Al-Zahery N; Accetturo M; Pala M; Kashani BH; Perego UA; Battaglia V; Fornarino S; Kalamati J; Houshmand M; Negrini R; Semino O; Richards MB; Macaulay V; Ferretti L; Bandelt HJ; Ajmone-Marsan P; Torroni A Mitochondrial genomes of extinct aurochs survive in domestic cattle Current Biology 18 157-158, 2008

Ermini L; Olivieri C; Rizzi E; Corti G; Bonnal R; Soares P; Luciani S; Marota I; De Bellis G; Richards MB; Rollo F Complete Mitochondrial Genome Sequence of the Tyrolean Iceman CURR BIOL 18 1687-1693, 2008
DOI:10.1016/j.cub.2008.09.028

Bandelt HJ; Yao YG; Richards MB; Salas A The brave new era of human genetic testing BIOESSAYS 30 1246-1251, 2008
DOI:10.1002/bies.20837

Salas A; Bandelt HJ; Macaulay V; Richards MB Phylogeographic investigations: The role of trees in forensic genetics FORENSIC SCI INT 168 1-13, 2007
DOI:10.1016/j.forsciint.2006.05.037

Pereira L; Goncalves J; Franco-Duarte R; Silva J; Rocha T; Arnold C; Richards M; Macaulay V No evidence for an mtDNA role in sperm motility: Data from complete sequencing of asthenozoospermic males MOL BIOL EVOL 24 868-874, 2007
DOI:10.1093/molbev/msm004

Hill C; Soares P; Mormina M; Macaulay V; Clarke D; Blumbach PB; Vizuete-Forster M; Forster P; Bulbeck D; Oppenheimer S; Richards M A mitochondrial stratigraphy for island southeast Asia AM J HUM GENET 80 29-43, 2007

Richards M First farmers: the origins of agricultural societies CAMB ARCHAEOL J 17 98-100, 2007

Richards MB Genes, language and culture history in the Southwest Pacific. AM J HUM BIOL 19 890-892, 2007
DOI:10.1002/ajhb.20723

Pereira L; Richards M; Goios A; Alonso A; Albarran C; Garcia O; Behar DM; Golge M; Hatina J; Al-Gazali L; Bradley DG; Macaulay V; Amorim A Evaluating the forensic informativeness of mtDNA haplogroup H sub-typing on a Eurasian scale FORENSIC SCI INT 159 43-50, 2006
DOI:10.1016/j.forsciint.2005.06.008

Torroni A; Achilli A; Macaulay V; Richards M; Bandelt HJ Harvesting the fruit of the human mtDNA tree TRENDS GENET 22 339-345, 2006
DOI:10.1016/j.tig.2006.04.001

Hill C; Soares P; Mormina M; Macaulay V; Meehan W; Blackburn J; Clarke D; Raja JM; Ismail P; Bulbeck D; Oppenheimer S; Richards M Phylogeography and ethnogenesis of aboriginal Southeast Asians MOL BIOL EVOL 23 2480-2491, 2006
DOI:10.1093/molbev/msl124

Gamble C; Davies W; Pettitt P; Hazelwood L; Richards M The archaeological and genetic foundations of the European population during the late glacial: Implications for 'agricultural thinking' CAMB ARCHAEOL J 15 193-223, 2005
DOI:10.1017/S0959774305000107

Salas A; Carracedo A; Richards M; Macaulay V Charting the ancestry of African Americans AM J HUM GENET 77 676-680, 2005

Macaulay V; Hill C; Achilli A; Rengo C; Clarke D; Meehan W; Blackburn J; Semino O; Scozzari R; Cruciani F; Taha A; Shaari NK; Raja JM; Ismail P; Zainuddin F; Goodwin W; Bulbeck D; Bandelt HJ; Oppenheimer S; Torroni A; Richards M Tracing modern human origins - Response SCIENCE 309 1995-1996, 2005

Pereira L; Richards M; Goios A; Alonso A; Albarran C; Garcia O; Behar DM; Golge M; Hatina J; Al-Gazali L; Bradley DG; Macaulay V; Amorim A High-resolution mtDNA evidence for the late-glacial resettlement of Europe from an Iberian refugium GENOME RES 15 19-24, 2005
DOI:10.1101/gr.3182305

Salas A; Carracedo A; Macaulay V; Richards MB; Bandelt HR A practical guide to mitochondrial DNA error prevention in clinical, forensic, and population genetics Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 335 891-899, 2005
DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2005.07.161
View abstract

Macaulay V; Hill C; Achilli A; Rengo C; Clarke D; Meehan W; Blackburn J; Semino O; Scozzari R; Cruciani F; Taha A; Shaari NK; Raja JM; Ismail P; Zainuddin Z; Goodwin W; Bulbeck D; Bandelt HJ; Oppenheimer S; Torroni A; Richards M Single, rapid coastal settlement of Asia revealed by analysis of complete mitochondrial genomes SCIENCE 308 1034-1036, 2005
DOI:10.1126/science.1109792

Salas A; Richards M; Lareu MV; Sobrino B; Silva S; Matamoros M; Macaulay V; Carracedo A Shipwrecks and founder effects: Divergent demographic histories reflected in Caribbean mtDNA AM J PHYS ANTHROPOL 128 855-860, 2005
DOI:10.1002/ajpa.20117

Behar DM; Hammer MF; Garrigan D; Villems R; Bonne-Tamir B; Richards M; Gurwitz D; Rosengarten D; Kaplan M; Della Pergola S; Quintana-Murci L; Skorecki K MtDNA evidence for a genetic bottleneck in the early history of the Ashkenazi Jewish population EUR J HUM GENET 12 355-364, 2004
DOI:10.1038/sj.ejhg.5201156

Richards MB; Macaulay V; Carracedo A; Salas A The archaeogenetics of the Bantu Dispersals In Traces of Ancestry: Studies in honour of Colin Renfrew , 2004

Richards MB The mitochondrial DNA tree and forensic science In Progess in Forensic Genetics , 2004

Salas A; Richards M; Lareu MV; Scozzari R; Coppa A; Torroni A; Macaulay V; Carracedo A The African diaspora: Mitochondrial DNA and the Atlantic slave trade AM J HUM GENET 74 454-465, 2004

Achilli A; Rengo C; Magri C; Battaglia V; Olivieri A; Scozzari R; Cruciani F; Zeviani M; Briem E; Carelli V; Moral P; Dugoujon JM; Roostalu U; Loogvali EL; Kivisild T; Bandelt HJ; Richards M; Villems R; Santachiara-Benerecetti AS; Semino O; Torroni A The molecular dissection of mtDNA haplogroup H confirms that the Franco-Cantabrian glacial refuge was a major source for the European gene pool AM J HUM GENET 75 910-918, 2004

Gamble C; Davies W; Pettitt P; Richards M Climate change and evolving human diversity in Europe during the last glacial PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 359 243-253, 2004
DOI:10.1098/rstb.2003.1396

Cruciani F; La Fratta R; Santolamazza P; Sellitto D; Pascone R; Moral P; Watson E; Guida V; Colomb EB; Zaharova B; Lavinha J; Vona G; Aman R; Cali F; Akar N; Richards M; Torroni A; Novelletto A; Scozzari R Phylogeographic analysis of haplogroup E3b (E-M215) Y chromosomes reveals multiple migratory events within and out of Africa AM J HUM GENET 74 1014-1022, 2004

McEvoy B; Richards M; Forster P; Bradley DG The Longue duree of genetic ancestry: Multiple genetic marker systems and Celtic origins on the Atlantic facade of Europe AM J HUM GENET 75 693-702, 2004

Pereira L; Richards MB; Alonso A; Albarran C; Garcia O; Macaulay V; Amorim A Sub-dividing mtDNA haplogroup H based on coding-region polymorphisms - a study in Iberia In Progress in Forensic Genetics , 2004

Richards M; Rengo C; Cruciani F; Gratrix F; Wilson JF; Scozzari R; Macaulay V; Torroni A Extensive female-mediated gene flow from sub-Saharan Africa into near eastern Arab populations. Am J Hum Genet 72 1058-1064, 2003
DOI:10.1086/374384
View abstract

Richards MB The Neolithic invasion of Europe Annual Review of Anthropology 32 135-162, 2003
DOI:10.1146/annurev.anthro.32.061002.093207

Richards MB The Neolithic transition in Europe: archaeological models and genetic evidence In Documenta Praehistorica XIX: 9th Neolithic Studies , 2003

Pettitt PB; Davies W; Gamble CS; Richards MB Palaeolithic radiocarbon chronology: quantifying our confidence beyond two half-lives J ARCHAEOL SCI 30 1685-1693, 2003
DOI:10.1016/S0305-4403(03)00070-0

Capelli C; Redhead N; Abernethy JK; Gratrix F; Wilson JF; Moen T; Hervig T; Richards M; Stumpf MPH; Underhill PA; Bradshaw P; Shaha A; Thomas MG; Bradman N; Goldstein DB A Y chromosome census of the British Isles CURR BIOL 13 979-984, 2003
DOI:10.1016/S0960-9822(03)00373-7

Richards MB Beware the gene genies, 2003

Bandelt HJ; Herrnstadt C; Yao YG; Kong QP; Kivisild T; Rengo C; Scozzari R; Richards M; Villems R; Macaulay V; Howell N; Torroni A; Zhang YP Identification of native American founder mtDNAs through the analysis of complete mtDNA sequences: Some caveats ANN HUM GENET 67 512-524, 2003
DOI:10.1046/j.1529-8817.2003.00049.x

Bandelt HJ; Macaulay V; Richards MB What molecules can't tell us about the spread of languages and the Neolithic In Examing the Farming/Language Dispersal Hypothesis , 2002

Richards MB; Macaulay V; Bandelt HJ Analysing genetic data in a model-based framework: inferences about European prehistory In Examining the Farming/Language Disperal Hypothesis , 2002

Richards M; Macaulay V; Torroni A; Bandelt HJ In search of geographical patterns in European mitochondrial DNA. Am J Hum Genet 71 1168-1174, 2002
DOI:10.1086/342930
View abstract

Salas A; Richards MB; De la Fe T; Lareu MV; Sobrino B; Sanchez-Diz P; Macaulay V; Carracedo A The Making of the African mtDNA Landscape American Journal of Human Genetics 71 1082-1111, 2002
DOI:10.1086/344348

Oppenheimer S; Richards MB Polynesians: Devolved Taiwanese rice farmers or Wallacean maritime traders with fishing, foraging and horticultural skill? In Examining the Farming/Language Dispersal Hypothesis , 2002

Richards MB On the ancestral trail New Scientist 3 pp.52-, 2002

Thomas MG; Weale ME; Jones AL; Richards M; Smith A; Redhead N; Torroni A; Scozzari R; Gratrix F; Tarekegn A; Wilson JF; Capelli C; Bradman N; Goldstein DB Founding mothers of Jewish communities: geographically separated Jewish groups were independently founded by very few female ancestors. Am J Hum Genet 70 1411-1420, 2002
DOI:10.1086/340609
View abstract

Oppenheimer S; Richards MB Fast trains, slow boats and the ancestry of the Polynesian islanders Science Progress 84 157-181, 2001

Oppenheimer SJ; Richards M Polynesian origins. Slow boat to Melanesia? Nature 410 166-167, 2001
DOI:10.1038/35065520

Richards MB Foregone Conclusions? In search of "Papuans" and "Austronesians" Current Anthropology 42 117-118, 2001

Wilson JF; Weiss DA; Richards M; Thomas MG; Bradman N; Goldstein DB Genetic evidence for different male and female roles during cultural transitions in the British Isles. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98 5078-5083, 2001
DOI:10.1073/pnas.071036898
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Torroni A; Rengo C; Guida V; Cruciani F; Sellitto D; Coppa A; Calderon FL; Simionati B; Valle G; Richards M; Macaulay V; Scozzari R Do the four clades of the mtDNA haplogroup L2 evolve at different rates? AM J HUM GENET 69 1348-1356, 2001

Capelli C; Wilson JF; Richards M; Stumpf MP; Gratrix F; Oppenheimer S; Underhill P; Pascali VL; Ko TM; Goldstein DB A predominantly indigenous paternal heritage for the Austronesian-speaking peoples of insular Southeast Asia and Oceania. Am J Hum Genet 68 432-443, 2001
DOI:10.1086/318205
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Richards MB; Macaulay V Invited editorial: The mitochondrial gene tree comes of age, 2001

Bandelt HJ; Lahermo P; Richards M; Macaulay V Detecting errors in mtDNA data by phylogenetic analysis INT J LEGAL MED 115 64-69, 2001

Torroni A; Bandelt HJ; Macaulay V; Richards M; Cruciani F; Rengo C; Martinez-Cabrera V; Villems R; Kivisild T; Metspalu E; Parik JR; Tolk HV; Tambets K; Forster P; Karger B; Francalacci P; Rudan P; Janicijevic B; Rickards O; Savontaus ML; Huoponen K; Laitinen V; Koivumaki S; Sykes B; Hickey E; Novelletto A; Moral P; Sellitto D; Coppa A; Al-Zaheri N; Santachiara-Benerecetti AS; Semino O; Scozzari R A signal, from human mtDNA, of postglacial recolonization in Europe AM J HUM GENET 69 844-852, 2001

Richards M; Macaulay V The mitochondrial gene tree comes of age AM J HUM GENET 68 1315-1320, 2001

Richards M; Macaulay V; Hickey E; Vega E; Sykes B; Guida V; Rengo C; Sellitto D; Cruciani F; Kivisild T; Villems R; Thomas M; Rychkov S; Rychkov O; Rychkov Y; Gölge M; Dimitrov D; Hill E; Bradley D; Romano V; Calì F; Vona G; Demaine A; Papiha S; Triantaphyllidis C; Stefanescu G; Hatina J; Belledi M; Di Rienzo A; Novelletto A; Oppenheim A; Nørby S; Al-Zaheri N; Santachiara-Benerecetti S; Scozari R; Torroni A; Bandelt HJ Tracing European founder lineages in the Near Eastern mtDNA pool. Am J Hum Genet 67 1251-1276, 2000
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Bandelt HJ; Macaulay V; Richards M Median networks: Speedy construction and greedy reduction, one simulation, and two case studies from human mtDNA MOL PHYLOGENET EVOL 16 8-28, 2000
DOI:10.1006/mpev.2000.0792

Macaulay V; Richards M; Sykes B Mitochondrial DNA recombination-no need to panic. Proc Biol Sci 266 2037-2039, 1999
DOI:10.1098/rspb.1999.0883
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Macaulay V; Richards M; Hickey E; Vega E; Cruciani F; Guida V; Scozzari R; Bonné-Tamir B; Sykes B; Torroni A The emerging tree of West Eurasian mtDNAs: a synthesis of control-region sequences and RFLPs. Am J Hum Genet 64 232-249, 1999
DOI:10.1086/302204
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Robson KJ; Dolo A; Hackford IR; Doumbo O; Richards MB; Keita MM; Sidibe T; Bosman A; Modiano D; Crisanti A Natural polymorphism in the thrombospondin-related adhesive protein of Plasmodium falciparum. Am J Trop Med Hyg 58 81-89, 1998
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Richards MB; Macaulay VA; Bandelt HJ; Sykes BC Phylogeography of mitochondrial DNA in western Europe. Ann Hum Genet 62 241-260, 1998
DOI:10.1046/j.1469-1809.1998.6230241.x
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Richards M; Oppenheimer S; Sykes B MtDNA suggests Polynesian origins in eastern Indonesia AM J HUM GENET 63 1234-1236, 1998

Macaulay VA; Richards MB; Forster P; Bendall KE; Watson E; Sykes B; Bandelt HJ mtDNA mutation rates - No need to panic AM J HUM GENET 61 983-986, 1997

Colson IB; Richards MB; Bailey JF; Sykes BC; Hedges REM DNA analysis of seven human skeletons excavated from the terp of Wijnaldum J ARCHAEOL SCI 24 911-917, 1997

Watson E; Forster P; Richards M; Bandelt HJ Mitochondrial footprints of human expansions in Africa AM J HUM GENET 61 691-704, 1997

Richards M; Côrte-Real H; Forster P; Macaulay V; Wilkinson-Herbots H; Demaine A; Papiha S; Hedges R; Bandelt HJ; Sykes B Paleolithic and neolithic lineages in the European mitochondrial gene pool. Am J Hum Genet 59 185-203, 1996
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Côrte-Real HB; Macaulay VA; Richards MB; Hariti G; Issad MS; Cambon-Thomsen A; Papiha S; Bertranpetit J; Sykes BC Genetic diversity in the Iberian Peninsula determined from mitochondrial sequence analysis. Ann Hum Genet 60 331-350, 1996
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Bailey JF; Richards MB; Macaulay VA; Colson IB; James IT; Bradley DG; Hedges RE; Sykes BC Ancient DNA suggests a recent expansion of European cattle from a diverse wild progenitor species. Proc Biol Sci 263 1467-1473, 1996
DOI:10.1098/rspb.1996.0214
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Wilkinson-Herbots HM; Richards MB; Forster P; Sykes BC Site 73 in hypervariable region II of the human mitochondrial genome and the origin of European populations. Ann Hum Genet 60 499-508, 1996
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Sykes B; Leiboff A; Low-Beer J; Tetzner S; Richards M The origins of the Polynesians: an interpretation from mitochondrial lineage analysis. Am J Hum Genet 57 1463-1475, 1995
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BANDELT HJ; FORSTER P; SYKES BC; RICHARDS MB MITOCHONDRIAL PORTRAITS OF HUMAN-POPULATIONS USING MEDIAN NETWORKS GENETICS 141 743-753, 1995

RICHARDS MB; SYKES BC; HEDGES REM AUTHENTICATING DNA EXTRACTED FROM ANCIENT SKELETAL REMAINS, 1995

HANDT O; RICHARDS M; TROMMSDORFF M; KILGER C; SIMANAINEN J; GEORGIEV O; BAUER K; STONE A; HEDGES R; SCHAFFNER W; UTERMANN G; SYKES B; PAABO S MOLECULAR-GENETIC ANALYSES OF THE TYROLEAN ICE MAN SCIENCE 264 1775-1778, 1994

Richards M; Smalley K; Sykes B; Hedges R Archaeology and genetics: analysing DNA from skeletal remains. World Archaeol 25 18-28, 1993
DOI:10.1080/00438243.1993.9980225

Richards M Archaeogenetics and the fifth century,
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Richards M Archaeogenetics and the peopling of Asia,
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Richards M; Capelli C; Wilson JF Genetics and the origins of the British population. In Encyclopædia of Life Sciences ,
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Macaulay V; Richards M Mitochondrial genome sequences and their phylogeographic interpretation. In Encyclopædia of Life Sciences ,
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