Faculty of Biological Sciences

Dr Neil Messenger

BSc, PhD, Salford.
Lecturer in Biomechanics
School of Biomedical Sciences

Background: BSc (Salford), PhD (Salford), Postdoctoral research, University of Salford. Lecturer in Sport Biomechanics, University of Brighton. Lecturer in Sport and Exercise Biomechanics (1995�present)

Contact:  Miall 4.02, +44(0) 113 34 35084, email address for  

Research Interests

Biomechanics of lower limb function

The principle research undertaken examines the biomechanical function of the lower limb and spine. This includes the biomechanical aetiology of overuse injury in physical activity, sport and exercise; the mechanical adaptation to locomotion under various external conditions or novel environments; and the influence of prosthetics on gait.

Overuse injuries of the lower limb are common in most sports and can, in extreme cases, result in the complete withdrawal of an athlete from their chosen activity. These injuries affect athletes across the full spectrum of performance levels, from elite to recreational, and have a significant impact on sport and exercise participation. It has long been postulated that an individual’s susceptibility to such injuries is in part due to their particular musculoskeletal structure and the coupling of limb motion across a number of joints. In particular these injuries have been associated with malfunction of the subtalar joint and its supporting structures. This joint has often been described as a torque converter in the transition of motion above the support foot during repetitive activities such as running. However, recent work has shown that, although this mechanism is apparent in both running and walking, the rigidity of the coupling is less than previously thought and that interaction between the forefoot and the lower limb (including the knee) is as important as that between the rearfoot and the lower limb. Future work seeks to develop a more complete model of these interactions.

Many gait irregularities are functions of poor or improper control of locomotion. The consequences of these, as in trips and falls in the elderly, can be devastating. Sport provides a useful model for the analysis of the control mechanisms used to maintain effective and efficient gait as it provides a number of well defined environments in which to investigate perturbations to and stresses on the locomotor apparatus. Current research focuses on: the effect of surface interaction and footwear; limb segment coordination in gait; and the control of balance in activities such as archery and weightlifting.

Prosthetic replacement of joints and limbs are increasingly effective and can improve the quality of life and functionality of otherwise seriously disabled patients. This is leading to greater functional demands being placed upon them, especially by young and/or otherwise very healthy individuals. In Paralympic sport, the development of highly specialised lower limb prostheses has progressed at pace but let so for the active but none sports person. Our work looks to understand the biomechanical functioning of prostheses in these more demanding tasks to allow, in collaboration with colleagues in medical engineering and mechatronics, improved design and testing of these devices.

 

Faculty Research and Innovation



Studentship information

Undergraduate project topics:

  • Any aspect of biomechanics applied to sport and exercise but especially topics related to sports injury, rehabilitation, exercise and health.

Postgraduate studentship areas:

  • Biomechanical analysis of sports technique, sports equipment (especially footwear) design, prosthetics and gait.

See also:

Modules managed

SPSC2213 - Mechanics of Sport and Exercise 1
SPSC2304 - Mechanics of Sport and Exercise 2
SPSC3315 - Movement Analysis

Modules taught

MECH5500M - Func Joint Replace Tech (SC)
SPSC1211 - Tutorial and Practical Skills in Sport and Exercise Science
SPSC1218 - Introduction to Biomechanics
SPSC2218 - Professional and Research Skills: Working as a Sport and Exercise Scientist
SPSC2304 - Mechanics of Sport and Exercise 2
SPSC2304/2213 - Mechanics of Sport and Exercise
SPSC3061 - Research Project in Sport and Exercise Science II
SPSC3301 - Inter-disciplinary Issues in Sport and Exercise Science
SPSC3315 - Movement Analysis
SPSC3316 - Mechanics of Sport and Performance
SPSC5382 - Extended Research Project

Committees

Member of Taught Student Recruitment Group (Admissions Tutor for SES)

Group Leader Dr Neil Messenger  (Lecturer in Biomechanics)

Biomechanics of lower limb function 

Postgraduates

Cormac Nolan (Primary supervisor) 100% FTE
Tahmineh Rezaeian (Primary supervisor) 50% FTE
Megan Hanson (Co-supervisor) 50% FTE
Robin Layton (Co-supervisor) 50% FTE
Ammar Wahid (Co-supervisor) 50% FTE
Safia Zerdazi (Co-supervisor) 33% FTE

Lui ZW, Awad M, Dehghani AA, Messenger N Virtual modelling, prototyping and simulation of transfemoral active prosthetic limb, 2012
View abstract

Chen K, Marsh BC, Cowan M, Al'Joboori YD, Gigout S, Smith CC, Messenger N, Gamper N, Schwab ME, Ichiyama RM Sequential therapy of anti-Nogo-A antibody treatment and treadmill training leads to cumulative improvements after spinal cord injury in rats Experimental Neurology 292 135-144, 2017
DOI:10.1016/j.expneurol.2017.03.012
View abstract

Mehryar P, Shourijeh MS, Rezaeian T, Iqbal N, Messenger N, Dehghani-Sanij AA Changes in synergy of transtibial amputee during gait: A pilot study, 2017
DOI:10.1109/BHI.2017.7897271

Abouhossein A, Awad MI, Crisp C, Dehghani-Sanij AA, Messenger N, Stewart TD, Querin OM, Richardson R, Bradley D Gait Abnormalities of Above Knee Amputees During Late Swing Phase, Is It a Design Deficiency or Compensatory Strategy? In Converging Clinical and Engineering Research on Neurorehabilitation II: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on NeuroRehabilitation (ICNR2016), October 18-21, 2016, Segovia, Spain , 2017
DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-46669-9_48
View abstract

Lui ZW, Awad MI, Abouhossein A, Dehghani-Sanij AA, Messenger N Virtual prototyping of a semi-active transfemoral prosthetic leg Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine 229 350-361, 2015
DOI:10.1177/0954411915581653
View abstract

Ma'touq J, Strauss DN, Messenger N, Stewart TD, Tayebjee MH Spinal angle and foot pressure during cardiac electrophysiological procedures. Int J Cardiol 172 e398-e400, 2014
DOI:10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.12.260

Strauss D, Messenger N, Utley A, Miller S Tennis footwear: An investigation of impact characteristics Footwear Science 1 52-53, 2009
DOI:10.1080/19424280902977244

Blackburn M, Messenger N, Strauss, D THE INFLUENCE OF FOOTWEAR ON THE KNEE JOINT DURING GAIT, 2009

Roy T, Stauss D, Messenger N FORCE AND PRESSURE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE DELIVERY STRIDE IN FAST-PACED CRICKET BOWLING, 2009

Strauss D, Messenger N, Utley A, Miller S THE IMPACT RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TENNIS COURT PROPERTIES AND THE PLAYER-SURFACE INTERFACE, 2009

Pohl MB, Messenger N, Buckley JG Forefoot, rearfoot and shank coupling: Effect of variations in speed and mode of gait GAIT POSTURE 25 295-302, 2007
DOI:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2006.04.012

Strauss D, Messenger N, Miller S Impact forces experienced during tennis specific movements performed on 3 grand slam surfaces, 2007

Pohl MB, Messenger N, Buckley JG Changes in foot and lower limb coupling due to systematic variations in step width CLIN BIOMECH 21 175-183, 2006
DOI:10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2005.09.005

Pohl MB, Messenger N, Buckley JG Changes in foot and lower limb coupling due to systematic variations in step width, 2006

Barberis M, Messenger N, Rouard A Change of speed in simulated cross-country skiing racing : a kinematic analysis, 2006

Bailey MP, Maillardet FJ, Messenger N Kinematics of cycling in relation to anterior knee pain and patellar tendinitis J SPORT SCI 21 649-657, 2003
DOI:10.1080/0264041031000102015

Bruntzel K, Messenger N MacReflex® analysis of navicular drop during dynamic movement Journal of Sports Sciences 18 467-, 2000

Eubank C, Messenger N Dynamic moves and stepping patterns typical to the game of squash Journal of Sports Sciences 18 471-472, 2000

Messenger N, Patterson WD, Brook DB The science of climbing and mountaineering, 2000

Bursnall J, Messenger N Analysis of climbing technique using the ProReflex 3d motion analysis system. In The science of climbing and mountaineering. Champaign Il:Human Kinetics. , 2000

Eubank C, Messenger N The frequency and causes of injury in squash - conference communication Journal of Sports Sciences 18 13-14, 2000

Bruntzel K, Messenger N ProReflex analysis of navicular drop during dynamic movements, 1999

Eubank C, Messenger N Dynamic movements and stepping patterns typical to the game of squash, 1999

Messenger N, Scott S, McNaught-Davis P Can the effects of exercise on bone quality be detected using the CUBA clinical ultrasound system? BRIT J SPORT MED 32 162-166, 1998

Bruntzel K, Messenger N Playing surface, practice time and intensity and the rate of injury in collegiate soccer players., 1998

Grimshaw PN, Marques-Bruna P, Salo A, Messenger N The 3-dimensional kinematics of the walking gait cycle of children aged between 10 and 24 months: cross sectional and repeated measures GAIT POSTURE 7 7-15, 1998

Messenger N Biomechanics In Human Movement: an introductory text 3rd ed , 1997

Bartlett R, Messenger N, Lindsay MR Force Platform In Biomechanical analysis of movement in sport and exercise. , 1997

Petty NJ, Messenger N Can the force platform be used to measure the forces applied during a PA mobilisation of the lumbar spine? Journal of Manual and Manipulative Therapy 4(2) 70-76, 1996

Messenger N Moving the human machine: understanding the mechanical characteristics of normal human walking Physics Education 29 352-357, 1994

BOWKER P, MESSENGER N, OGILVIE C, ROWLEY DI ENERGETICS OF PARAPLEGIC WALKING J BIOMED ENG 14 344-350, 1992

Messenger N Clinical applications of gait analysis, 1991

Bowker P, Messenger N Investigation into the merits of aided ambulation for paraplegics, 1990

MESSENGER N, RITHALIA SVS, BOWKER P, OGILVIE C EFFECTS OF AMBULATION ON THE BLOOD-FLOW IN PARALYZED LIMBS J BIOMED ENG 11 249-252, 1989

OGILVIE C, MESSENGER N, BOWKER P, ROWLEY DI ORTHOTIC COMPENSATION FOR NON-FUNCTIONING HIP EXTENSORS Z KINDERCHIR 43 33-35, 1988

Bowker P, Messenger N The measurement of gait Clinical Rehabilitation 2 89-97, 1988

MESSENGER N, OGILVIE C, BOWKER P, ROWLEY DI A COMPARATIVE-STUDY OF AMBULATORY ORTHOSES FOR THE SEVERELY DISABLED INT J REHABIL RES 10 93-94, 1987

Messenger N, Bowker P Foot-ground reaction torque as an indicator of sub-talar joint and foot function, 1987

Messenger N, Bowker P The role of gait analysis in clinical medicine: A survey of UK centres. Engineering in Medicine 16 221-227, 1987

Abouhossein A, Awad MI, Crisp C, Dehghani-Sanij A, Messenger N, Stewart TD, Querin OM, Richardson R, Bradley D Gait abnormalities of above knee amputees, is it a design deficiency or compensatory strategy?,
View abstract

Abouhossein A, Awad MI, Crisp C, Dehghani-Sanij AA, Messenger N, Stewart TD, Querin OM, Richardson R, Bradley D Effect of different prosthetic knees/feet on the roll-over shape,
View abstract